Prisoner’s Health: Depression, Stress and Bipolar Disorder!

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“Depression can seem worse than terminal cancer, because most cancer patients feel loved and they have hope and self-esteem.” ~ David D. Burns

It seems to be common sense that hard times are associated with developing depressive symptoms. When a personal crisis occurs, many people who had been coping pretty well become clinically depressed.

#Depression is an ailment of medical condition which creates unfavourable changes in the human mind and affects its functioning abilities. It can be genetic, hereditary or just an outcome of a traumatic experience. It requires extensive treatment and medical aids to cure someone of depression. Psychological treatments, rehabilitation and intense drugs are some of the means to cure depression. It is very difficult to stabilise the mind of a person who is constantly depressed. The utmost care and attention should be devoted to a patient in such circumstances otherwise there is a possibility that the patient might lose his/her sanity entirely.

#Stress is an outcome of one’s own view of life. It is very easy to get stressed out if you have a negative approach towards life. Your perspective of your own identity and worthiness of your existence plays a vital part in the effective functioning of your brain. A person with a nervous or fierce temperament is more likely to be stressed out than a person with a happy-go-lucky attitude towards life. Stress is not an obligatory disease; it is a voluntary condition which a person creates in his/her own life. It does not need medical attention; it can be overcome by an individual on his/her own. All you need to do is try and inculcate positive attributes in your life and maintain a simple and pleasant perspective of the things which surround you.

Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder that affects many people every day. People who suffer from this mood disorder experience episodes of mania, often followed by episodes of depression and vice versa.

The most common symptom associated with bipolar disorder is sudden mood swings. People who are bipolar will experience heightened euphoria and happiness followed by drastic depression and guilt. While mood swings are the most common symptom, they are not the only symptom. There are several other symptoms associated with this condition and many of them contradict each other. Essentially, there are two types of symptoms: manic symptoms and depressive symptoms. Each set of symptoms produce very different types of behaviour and are often experienced back to back in a short period of time.

Below you will find a list of bipolar symptoms as well as the type (manic or depressive or both) associated with each:

1. Mood Swings
Type: Manic and Depressive

Mood swings are the most common symptom of bipolar disorder and are a combination of the manic and depressive symptoms. A mood swing is characterized by high levels of positivity followed by high levels of negativity and depression or vice versa.

2. Euphoria 
Type: Manic

A manic episode will present symptoms of euphoria in patients. Sufferers experience a heightened level of happiness and a sense of accomplishment.

3. Rapid Speech
Type: Manic

A good indication that someone is experiencing a manic episode is rapid speech. Patients will suddenly begin speaking extremely quickly for long periods of time.

4. Racing Thoughts
Type: Manic

Racing thoughts are a common manic bipolar symptom. Individuals will have a difficult time focusing on one thing and will tend to overanalyze their thoughts.

5. Irritation
Type: Manic and Depressive

Irritation and agitation are common in both manic and depressive episodes. Sufferers are easily irritated by situations they normally wouldn’t be agitated with.

6. Increased Physical Activity
Type: Manic

When a person is experiencing a manic episode they will often have extremely high levels of energy. To help relieve the energy, sufferers often turn to physical activity. If someone suddenly feels the need to exercise excessively to exert energy, it may be an indication of a problem.

7. Careless Use of Drugs/Alcohol
Type: Manic

Sometimes, people suffering from bipolar disorder will turn to drugs and alcohol. Careless use of these substances may be a warning sign of deeper issues.

8. Decreased Need for Sleep
Type: Manic

As previously noted, manic episodes often involve large bursts of energy and euphoria. These symptoms can make it incredibly difficult to sleep. An individual experiencing this symptom will require less sleep but won’t necessarily feel tired or exhausted.

9. Missed Work 
Type: Manic and Depressive

A common symptom of bipolar disorder is the inability to maintain a schedule. For this reason, many bipolar sufferers will often miss work (or school or other commitments).

10. Fatigue
Type: Depressive

Contrary to manic symptoms, individuals suffering from a depressive episode will experience extreme tiredness and fatigue. Wanting to go to bed, staying in bed late and a lack of motivation throughout the day are all signs of bipolar disorder.

11. Chronic Pain with No Known Cause
Type: Depressive

Individuals experiencing other symptoms on the list, along with chronic pain with no known cause, may be suffering from bipolar disorder. This pain can present itself throughout many parts of the body including, but not limited to, severe headaches.

Remedies:

Exercising in midlife helps heart;
Making sure you get enough exercise in midlife will help protect your heart, according to research.
There’s something intuitive about the idea that exercising makes you feel better about yourself. Several decades of research have been carried out on the topic, and some family doctors prescribe fitness classes to patients diagnosed with depression, often alongside counselling or medication.

Mood enhancer:
So it seems that exercise might help a bit, which then begs the question of why. And there have been some extraordinary attempts to answer this question. One theory is that exercise releases endorphins and the neurotransmitter dopamine, which make you feel good. There is also a theory originating in the saunas and steam baths of 1970s Scandinavia known as the thermogenic hypothesis, which states that the rise in body temperature from exercising releases endorphins. Those participants who sat in the sauna did feel better than those who simply sat on a bench.

Finally, to beat stress on the inside, we’ve found ways to keep ourselves occupied and busy; gambling, contact-sports, exercises, binge-drinking, feasting on porn videos, listening to music, find someone to get into heated arguments or involve in idle talk and gossip, daydreaming, gluttony, sometimes our heated verbal brawls spills into proper fights where punches are thrown and received in good fate, some will opt for proper weapons of warfare (cowards). All these and more are what keeps us ticking and going; eventually gives us the essence to live.

“The greatest weapon against stress is our ability to choose one thought over another.” ~ William James

[Culled from online resources]

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